Common causes and contributing factors that lead to ear infections are wax buildup, upper respiratory infections, food allergies, environmental allergies, fetal alcohol syndrome, genetics, nutritional deficiencies and internal injuries. Regardless of the cause, running to your Doctor for antibiotics will not address the infection any faster than many of these natural remedies, most without any side effects compared to conventional drug treatment.
What Are Ear Infections?
Ear infections are often defined by whether they are acute (acute otitis media) or chronic (otitis media with effusion).
Acute Otitis Media (AOM). Acute otitis media (AOM) is an infection in the middle ear that causes an inflammation behind the tympanic membrane.
Often it develops during or after a cold or a flu.
Middle ear infections are extremely common in children but are infrequent in adults.
In children, ear infections often recur, particularly if they first develop in early infancy.
Otitis Media with Effusion (OME) . Otitis media with effusion (OME) occurs when an effusion (fluid) builds up in one or both middle ears. When this is chronic and severe the fluid is very sticky and is commonly called “glue ear.”;
It is not painful and the only clue that it is present is a feeling of stuffiness in the ears, which can feel like “being under water.”;
Children who are susceptible to OME can have frequent episodes for more than half of their first three years of life.
The episodes can last from weeks to months.
Bacteria. Certain bacteria are the primary causes of acute otitis media (AOM) and are detected in about 60% of cases. The bacteria most commonly causing ear infections are:
Streptococcus pneumoniae (also called the pneumococcus) is the most common bacterial cause of acute otitis media, causing about 50% to 80% of cases.
Haemophilus influenzae is the next most common culprit and is responsible for 20% to 30% of acute infections.
Moraxella catarrhalis is also a common infectious agent, responsible for 10% to 15% of infections.
Less common bacteria are Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus .
Of note, about 25% of these bacteria are now believed to be resistant to the first-choice antibiotics.
Viruses. Studies have reported the presence of viruses in the middle ear fluid in about 40% of children with ear infections. While viruses are not usually a direct cause of otitis media, they may play an important role by causing inflammation in the nasal passages and impairing defense systems, such as cilia, in the ear.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a common virus responsible for upper and lower respiratory infections, and influenza viruses (“Flu”;) are prime suspects in this process.
Rhinovirus, a cause of the common cold, has been found in between 1% and 8% of otitis media cases, and, in one study 74% of patients with rhinovirus caused colds had middle-ear pressure abnormalities.
12 Natural Home Remedies to Treat Ear Infection
Many doctors, particularly in the U.S., are concerned that without antibiotics, bacteria lurking inside the middle ear can grow out of control. However, some types of bacteria have grown resistant to antibiotics; critics of heavy antibiotic use in the U.S. point out that the millions of prescriptions of amoxicillin for ear infections that were not bacterial in origin helped to create these resistant bacterial strains. Your first choice for treating ear pain and infections should be natural remedies which are more effective at treatment than antibiotics.
1) Heating Pad/ Warm Water Bottle
To get quick relief, first and foremost remedy one should opt is to press a heating pad or warm water bottle against the ear. You can also dip a clean cloth in lukewarm water and apply it on the infected ear. It is to be kept in mind that the heating procedure should not exceed for a long period of time. Start with five minutes, and repeat the process, if required.
2) Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is known for its mild antibacterial and healing properties. With the use of tea tree oil, one can get instant relief in ear pain. Prepare a mixture of one tsp of apple cider vinegar, 2 tbsp of olive oil, 3 drops of tea tree oil, and a tsp of colloidal silver. Slightly warm this mixture. Put your head on a towel, keeping the infected ear upright. With the help of dropper, put the mixture in the ear, and leave it for five minutes. After sometime, turn your head and let the mixture drain out completely. Follow this procedure thrice a day for effective results.
Garlic is considered to have antimicrobial and pain relieving characteristics. Put some drops of fresh garlic oil or juice in the infected ear. This will provide an immediate relief. The process should be practised three times in a day.
Else, boil 2-3 garlic cloves in water for five minutes. Add some salt after crushing the cloves. Wrap up the mixture in a clean cloth and put it on the infected ear.
Apart from making these mixtures, one can eat 2-3 raw garlic cloves to facilitate the healing process.
4) Mango Leaf Juice
The extracts of mango leaf are effective for the treatment of ear infection. Take two or three mango leaves. Grind or crush them to extract juice. Slightly warm the extracted juice. Put 2-3 drops of juice in the infected ear with the help of a dropper. Leave it for a few minutes. After sometime, you will feel relief in the earache. If the procedure is practised for three times a day, then ear infection will surely get healed.
Onion is not only used as the main ingredient for cooking, but also used for medicinal cure. It is very beneficial for ear infection. Take a small onion and chop it. Put the chopped onion in a pan under medium heat for 1-2 minutes. After allow it to cool and extract its juice. Put two-three drops of onion juice in the infected ear and leave it for a few minutes. After sometime, turn your head and drain out the juice from the ear.
You can also bake the onion for 30 minutes. After baking, cut in into two pieces. Wrap one piece of baked onion in a cotton cloth and place it on the infected ear for at least five minutes. If required, repeat the process after ten minutes.
6) Fermented Cod Liver Oil
According to Dr. Michael Gerber, “Vitamin A deficiency disrupts the clearing mechanism of the ear.” Adequate levels of Vitamin A have also been found to improve outcomes in other illnesses, such as measles.
Dr. Gerber makes a distinction between betacarotene and true Vitamin A, which is only found in animal products such as fermented cod liver oil.
Salt is considered to be the best remedy, available at home. Heat one cup of salt for at least 5-6 minutes. After that, put the hot salt in a sock. Tie the open end of the sock using a rubber band. Lie down and put the sock under the infected ear for ten minutes. The heat from the sock will facilitate in draining out the fluid from the ear. To get relief in swelling and pain, the process should be repeated multiple times in a day.
Basil leaves are also one of the remedies used to get relief in ear infections and minor earache. Take 4-5 holy basil leaves. Crush them to extract their juice. Apply the extracted juice around the infected area. It should not be put into the ear canal.
Apart from this, mixture of basil juice and coconut oil can also be used for healing the ear infection. Take a cotton ball and dip it into the mixture. Apply it gently on the inner part, outer edge and behind the ear. This process should be practised two times in a day.
9) Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is the best solution for removing fungus from the ear. Prepare a solution of apple cider vinegar and water, taking both in equal quantity. You can also use alcohol in place of water. Take a cotton ball and soak it in the solution. Put the soaked cotton ball in the ear for almost five minutes. Now, remove the cotton ball and lay down on the opposite side to flush out the solution from the ear. To dry the ear, you can use a hair dryer.
White vinegar can also be used in place of apple cider vinegar.
10) Breast Milk
Breastfeeding infants have very fewer infections than a normal child or adult. Breast milk is considered as the best remedy for curing any type of ear infection. It is also used for treating eye infections, minor cuts, wounds or burns. It has natural antibodies, which lessen swelling and pain. With the help of dropper, put 2-3 drops of breast milk in the infected ear. If the process is repeated after every two hours, ear infection will surely get cured.
11) Olive Oil
As we all know, ear infection is mainly caused due to the deposits of wax in the ear, which results in germination of bacteria and fungus. This ultimately blocks the ear. Olive oil is one of the best solutions to this problem. Warm some olive oil. After warming, put some drops of warm oil into the infected ear. Olive oil will help in softening the wax. The wax can be removed safely with the help of a cotton bud. Don’t put the bud too far in the ear; otherwise, it may damage your eardrum.
Mustard oil can also be used to treat the ear infection.
12) Mullein Drops
Mullein is a wild flowering plant grown in several areas. To get relief in ear infection, take a teaspoon of mullein flowers and put them into Â½ cup of boiling water. Allow it to cool. Now, mix one tbsp mullein tea and one tbsp olive oil in it. Leave the mixture for overnight. Put one drop of the resulted mixture in the infected ear. Instead of preparing mullein oil at home, you can also buy it from the market.
Homeopathic Remedies for Ear Infection
Apart from the above mentioned natural remedies, homeopathic remedies are also available for healing the ear infection. Here are some recommended homeopathic remedies for ear infection.
Homeopathic Ear Drops
These ear drops are easy to use and very effective in getting immediate relief from earache.
Homeopathic Earache Tablets
These tablets are taken orally for treating the ear infection.
It is used when ear is red, and the patient is suffering from high fever along with intense earache.
When yellow or green discharge from ears and nose is seen, it may be used.
It is beneficial in the case of sharp earache and thick coloured discharge.
It is used when extreme ear pain is accompanied with pus formation.
It is used for intolerable ear pain in children.
By using this website, you are agree, without limitation or qualification, to be bound by, and to comply with, these Terms and Conditions and any other posted guidelines or rules applicable to any individual ITMC web site.
2. RIGHT TO ACCESS
You acknowledge and agree that ITMC may terminate your access to the ITMC or to any of the Products and Services should you fail to comply with the Terms and Conditions or any other guidelines and rules published by ITMC. Any such termination shall be in ITMC's sole discretion and may occur without prior notice, or any notice. ITMC further reserves the right to terminate any user's access to the ITMC or to any of the Products and Services for any conduct that ITMC, in its sole discretion, believes is or may be directly or indirectly harmful to other users, to ITMC or its subsidiaries, affiliates, or business contractors, or to other third parties, or for any conduct that violates any local, state, federal, or foreign laws or regulations. ITMC further reserves the right to terminate any user's access to the ITMC for any reason or for no reason at all, in ITMC's sole discretion, without prior notice, or any notice.
All information contained on this site is copyright (c) 2019 by TheITMC. All rights reserved. The information contained on this site may not be copied, published, distributed, broadcast or otherwise used for any purpose whatsoever without the prior written consent of ITMC.
4. PROFESSIONAL ADVICE
No information on this site is intended as, or shall be construed as, legal, financial, medical or expert advice of any kind. ITMC is not responsible for typographical errors, editing errors, or news source errors. THE ITMC STRONGLY SUGGESTS THAT YOU SEEK ADVICE FROM A COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL REGARDING ISSUES IN ANY PROFESSIONAL FIELD.
5. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES
THE INFORMATION ON THIS WEBSITE IS PROVIDED "AS IS," WITH NO WARRANTIES WHATSOEVER. ALL EXPRESS, IMPLIED, AND STATUTORY WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT OF PROPRIETARY RIGHTS, ARE EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMED TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, ITMC DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES FOR THE SECURITY, RELIABILITY, TIMELINESS, AND PERFORMANCE OF THE INFORMATION ON THIS WEBSITE. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, ITMC DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES FOR OTHER SERVICES OR GOODS RECEIVED THROUGH OR ADVERTISED ON THE WEBSITE OR RECEIVED THROUGH ANY LINKS PROVIDED IN THE WEBSITE, AS WELL AS FOR ANY INFORMATION OR ADVICE RECEIVED THROUGH THE WEBSITE OR THROUGH ANY LINKS PROVIDED IN THE WEBSITE. ITMC SIMILARLY DISCLAIMS, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, ANY WARRANTIES FOR ANY INFORMATION OR ADVICE OBTAINED THROUGH THE WEBSITE.
YOU EXPRESSLY UNDERSTAND AND AGREE THAT ITMC DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR THE ACCURACY, CONTENT, COMPLETENESS, LEGALITY, RELIABILITY, OR OPERABILITY OR AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION OR MATERIAL IN THE WEBSITE. ITMC DISCLAIMS ANY RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE DELETION, FAILURE TO STORE, MISDELIVERY, OR UNTIMELY DELIVERY OF ANY INFORMATION OR MATERIAL. ITMC DISCLAIMS ANY RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR ANY HARM RESULTING FROM DOWNLOADING OR ACCESSING ANY INFORMATION OR MATERIAL THROUGH THE WEBSITE, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, FOR HARM CAUSED BY VIRUSES OR SIMILAR CONTAMINATION OR DESTRUCTIVE FEATURES. ITMC MAKES NO WARRANTY REGARDING THE RELIABILITY OR ACCESSIBILITY OF WEB PAGES OR ANY STORAGE FACILITIES OFFERED BY ITMC.
YOU UNDERSTAND AND AGREE THAT ANY MATERIAL DOWNLOADED OR OTHERWISE OBTAINED THROUGH THE USE OF THE WEBSITE IS DONE AT YOUR OWN DISCRETION AND RISK AND THAT YOU WILL BE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY DAMAGES TO YOUR COMPUTER SYSTEM OR LOSS OF DATA THAT RESULTS IN THE DOWNLOAD OF SUCH MATERIAL.
Some jurisdictions do not allow the disclaimer of implied warranties. In such jurisdictions, the foregoing disclaimers may not apply to you insofar as they relate to implied warranties.
6. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
YOU EXPRESSLY UNDERSTAND AND AGREE THAT UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL TRUTH PUBLISHING, INC. ("ITMC") ITS EMPLOYEES, OFFICERS, WRITERS, CONTRACTORS, OR PRINCIPALS BE LIABLE TO ANY USER'S USE OR MISUSE OF AND RELIANCE ON THE WEBSITE. SUCH LIMITATION OF LIABILITY SHALL APPLY TO PREVENT RECOVERY OF DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, AND PUNITIVE DAMAGES (EVEN IF ITMC OR ITS LICENSORS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES). SUCH LIMITATION OF LIABILITY SHALL APPLY WHETHER THE DAMAGES ARISE FROM USE OR MISUSE OF AND RELIANCE ON THE WEBSITE, FROM INABILITY TO USE THE WEBSITE, OR FROM THE INTERRUPTION, SUSPENSION, OR TERMINATION OF THE WEBSITE (INCLUDING SUCH DAMAGES INCURRED BY THIRD PARTIES).
SUCH LIMITATION SHALL ALSO APPLY WITH RESPECT TO DAMAGES INCURRED BY REASON OF OTHER SERVICES OR GOODS RECEIVED THROUGH OR ADVERTISED ON THE WEBSITE OR RECEIVED THROUGH ANY LINKS PROVIDED IN THE WEBSITE, AS WELL AS BY REASON OF ANY INFORMATION OR ADVICE RECEIVED THROUGH OR ADVERTISED ON THE WEBSITE OR RECEIVED THROUGH ANY LINKS PROVIDED IN THE WEBSITE. SUCH LIMITATION SHALL APPLY, WITHOUT LIMITATION, TO THE COSTS OF PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES, LOST PROFITS, OR LOST DATA. SUCH LIMITATION SHALL APPLY WITH RESPECT TO THE PERFORMANCE OR NON-PERFORMANCE OF THE WEBSITE OR ANY INFORMATION OR MERCHANDISE THAT APPEARS ON, OR IS LINKED OR RELATED IN ANY WAY TO, THE ITMC. SUCH LIMITATION SHALL APPLY NOTWITHSTANDING ANY FAILURE OF ESSENTIAL PURPOSE OF ANY LIMITED REMEDY. SUCH LIMITATION SHALL APPLY TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW.
SUCH LIMITATION OF LIABILITY SHALL ALSO APPLY TO ANY DAMAGE CAUSED BY LOSS OF ACCESS TO, DELETION OF, FAILURE TO STORE, FAILURE TO BACK UP, OR ALTERATION OF WEB PAGES OR OTHER CONTENT STORED THROUGHT THE ITMC.
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL ITMC OR ITS LICENSORS BE HELD LIABLE FOR ANY DELAY OR FAILURE IN PERFORMANCE RESULTING DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY FROM ACTS OF NATURE, FORCES, OR CAUSES BEYOND ITS REASONABLE CONTROL, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, INTERNET FAILURES, COMPUTER EQUIPMENT FAILURES, TELECOMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT FAILURES, OTHER EQUIPMENT FAILURES, ELECTRICAL POWER FAILURES, STRIKES, LABOR DISPUTES, RIOTS, INSURRECTIONS, CIVIL DISTURBANCES, SHORTAGES OF LABOR OR MATERIALS, FIRES, FLOODS, STORMS, EXPLOSIONS, ACTS OF GOD, WAR, GOVERNMENTAL ACTIONS, ORDERS OF DOMESTIC OR FOREIGN COURTS OR TRIBUNALS, NON-PERFORMANCE OF THIRD PARTIES, OR LOSS OF OR FLUCTUATIONS IN HEAT, LIGHT, OR AIR CONDITIONING.
In some jurisdictions, limitations of liability are not permitted. In such jurisdictions, the foregoing limitation may not apply to you.
7. EXTERNAL LINKS
ITMC may provide, or third parties may provide, links to other sites or resources located on the World Wide Web by allowing a user to leave the ITMC to access third-party material or by bringing the third party material into this site via "inverse" hyperlinks and framing technology. ITMC has no control over such sites and resources. You acknowledge and agree that ITMC is not responsible for the availability of such external sites or resources, and does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content, advertising, products, or other materials on or available from such sites or resources. You further acknowledge and agree that ITMC shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, goods or services available on or through any such site or resource.
Your correspondence or business dealings with, or participation in promotions of, advertisers found on or through the ITMC Products and Services, including payment and delivery of related goods or services, and any other terms, conditions, warranties or representations associated with such dealings, are solely between you and such advertiser. You agree that ITMC shall not be responsible or liable for any loss or damage of any sort incurred as the result of any such dealings or as the result of the presence of such advertisers on the Product and Services.
ITMC encourages you to exercise discretion while using the Products and Services to browse the Internet. ITMC may produce automated search results or otherwise link you to sites containing information that some people may find inappropriate or offensive. ITMC makes no representations concerning any effort to review the content of any of the sites listed in automated search results, or of any of the sites otherwise linked to the ITMC web sites. ITMC shall not be held responsible for the accuracy, copyright or trademark compliance, legality, or decency of material contained in sites listed in the ITMC' search results or otherwise linked to the ITMC web sites or provided to the ITMC by third parties.
8. Linking to the ITMC
The ITMC offers a non-assignable, non-transferable, and non-exclusive license to link to the ITMC'S web sites, using the ITMC logos and search boxes, subject to the following provisions. The ITMC logos and search boxes may be placed on a Web site for the sole purpose of creating a link to the ITMC and allowing users of your site to access the ITMC. The ITMC logos and search boxes may not be used for any other purpose, including, among other purposes, to suggest sponsorship by, or affiliation with, or endorsement by the ITMC. The ITMC logos and search boxes may only be used in accordance with the instructions found here, and may only be used in the exact size, shape, colors, design, and configuration as found on those web pages. The ITMC logos and search boxes may not be altered in any manner. The ITMC logos and search boxes must appear by themselves, with reasonable spacing (at least the height of the logo) between each side of the applicable logo or search box and other graphic or textual elements. The ITMC logos and search boxes may not be used to disparage the ITMC, its products or services, or in a manner which, in ITMC's reasonable judgment, may diminish or otherwise damage ITMC's good will in the ITMC logos. By using any such ITMC logo or search box, you acknowledge that the ITMC has exclusive rights to the logo or search box, and that all good will generated through your use of the logo or search box will inure to the benefit of the ITMC. ITMC reserves the right to revoke this license or to alter its terms from time to time, for any or no reason, with or without notice. ITMC reserves the right to take action against any use that does not conform to these provisions.
9. NO LICENSE; INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OF ITMC AND OTHERS
Except as expressly provided, nothing within any of the WEBSITE shall be construed as conferring any license under any of the ITMC's or any third party's intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, waiver, or otherwise. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, you acknowledge and agree that certain Content available through and used to operate the ITMC and the WEBSITE is protected by copyright, trademark, patent, or other proprietary rights of ITMC and its affiliates, licensors, and service providers. Except as expressly provided to the contrary, you agree not to modify, alter, or deface any of the trademarks, service marks, or other intellectual property made available by ITMC in connection with the WEBSITE. You agree not to hold yourself out as in any way sponsored by, affiliated with, or endorsed by ITMC, any of ITMC's affiliates, or any of ITMC's service providers. You agree not to use any of the trademarks or service marks or other Content accessible through the ITMC of any purpose other than the purpose for which such Content is made available to users by ITMC. You agree not to defame or disparage ITMC, the trademarks or service marks of ITMC, or any aspect of the WEBSITE. You agree not to adapt, translate, modify, decompile, disassemble, or reverse engineer the WEBSITE or any software or programs used in connection with the WEBSITE or the ITMC.
10. INDEMNITY AND RELEASE
By using the ITMC web sites you agree to indemnify ITMC, Inc. and its parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, officers, employees, and licensors and hold them harmless from any and all claims and expenses, including attorney's fees, arising from your use of the ITMC web sites, your use of the WEBSITE, or your submission of ideas and/or related materials to ITMC or from any person's use of any account or password you maintain with any portion of the ITMC, regardless of whether such use is authorized by you. By using the ITMC, using the WEBSITE, or submitting any ideas and/or related materials to ITMC, you are hereby agreeing to release ITMC and its parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, officers, employees, and licensors from any and all claims, demands, debts, obligations, damages (actual or consequential), costs, and expenses of any kind or nature whatsoever, whether known or unknown, suspected or unsuspected, disclosed or undisclosed, that you may have against them arising out of or in any way related to such disputes and/or to the WEBSITE or to any disputes regarding use of ideas and/or related materials submitted to ITMC. YOU HEREBY AGREE TO WAIVE ALL LAWS THAT MAY LIMIT HE EFFICACY OF SUCH RELEASES. FOR EXAMPLE, YOU SPECIFICALLY AGREE TO WAIVE THE PROVISIONS OF CALIFORNIA CIVIL CODE SECTION 1542, WHICH PROVIDES
"A GENERAL RELEASE DOES NOT EXTEND TO CLAIMS WHICH THE CREDITOR DOES NOT KNOW OR SUSPECT TO EXIST IN HIS FAVOR AT THE TIME OF EXECUTING THE RELEASE, WHICH IS KNOWN BY HIM MUST HAVE MATERIALLY AFFECTED HIS SETTLEMENT WITH THE DEBTOR."
11. LIMITATION OF ACTIONS
You acknowledge and agree that, regardless of any statute or law to the contrary, any claim or cause of action you may have arising out of, or relating to, your use of the ITMC or the WEBSITE must be filed within one (1) year after such claim or cause of action arises, or forever be barred.
12. FAIR USE
The ITMC publishes excerpts and summaries from copyrighted works under Fair Use, which allows the use of copyrighted materials for purposes of commentary and criticism for the public interest. ITMC transforms summaries of the original copyrighted work into a new format and adds new information and value in the form of commentary or criticism.
ITMC has no intention to compete with the original copyrighted content. Rather, it is ITMC's intention to promote such content and deliver readers to such content. Accordingly, when ITMC cites a copyrighted work for commentary or criticism, ITMC acknowledges the original source and places a clickable link that offers users the opportunity to click directly to the original source of such information. The original publishers benefit from such links in terms of delivered audience, attention and potential advertising revenues, for which ITMC requests absolutely no payment or consideration.
13. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INFRINGEMENT CLAIMS
It is the policy of the ITMC to respond expeditiously to claims of intellectual property infringement. ITMC will promptly process and investigate notices of alleged infringement and will take appropriate actions under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act ("DMCA") and other applicable intellectual property laws. Upon receipt of notices complying or substantially complying with the DMCA, the ITMC will act expeditiously to remove or disable access to any material claimed to be infringing or claimed to be the subject of infringing activity and will act expeditiously to remove or disable access to any reference or link to material or activity that is claimed to be infringing. The ITMC will terminate access for subscribers and account holders who are repeat infringers. Notices of claimed infringement should be directed to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Please put "Notice of Infringement" in the subject line of all such notifications. When ITMC removes or disables access to any material claimed to be infringing, ITMC may attempt to contact the user who has posted such material in order to give that user an opportunity to respond to the notification, although ITMC makes no promise to do so. Any and all counter notifications submitted by the user will be furnished to the complaining party. ITMC will give the complaining party an opportunity to seek judicial relief in accordance with the DMCA before ITMC replaces or restores access to any material as a result of any counter notification.
14. ARBITRATION, GOVERNING LAW AND FORUM FOR DISPUTES
Unless expressly stated to the contrary elsewhere within the WEBSITE, all legal issues arising from or related to the use of the WEBSITE shall be construed in accordance with, and all questions with respect thereto shall be determined by, the laws of Taiwan, R.O.C. applicable to contracts entered into and wholly to be performed within said state. Any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to these Terms and Conditions or any user's use of the WEBSITE shall be settled by binding arbitration in accordance with the commercial arbitration rules of the American Arbitration Association. Any such controversy or claim shall be arbitrated on an individual basis, and shall not be consolidated in any arbitration with any claim or controversy of any other party. The arbitration shall be conducted in Taiwan, R.O.C., and judgment on the arbitration award may be entered into in any state or federal court in Taiwan, R.O.C. having jurisdiction thereof. Any party seeking temporary or preliminary injunctive relief may do so in any state or federal court in Taiwan, R.O.C. having jurisdiction thereof. Except as set forth above, the state and federal courts of Taiwan, R.O.C. shall be the exclusive forum and venue to resolve disputes arising out of or relating to these Terms and Conditions or any user's use of the WEBSITE. By using the WEBSITE and thereby agreeing to these Terms and Conditions, users consent to personal jurisdiction and venue in the state and federal courts in Taiwan, R.O.C. with respect to all such disputes.
15. CHANGES IN TERMS AND CONDITIONS AND CHANGES IN WEBSITE
The ITMC reserves the right to modify the WEBSITE from time to time, for any reason, and without notice, including the right to terminate the WEBSITE. The ITMC reserves the right to modify these Terms and Conditions from time to time, without notice. Please review these Terms and Conditions from time to time so you will be apprised of any changes.
These Terms and Conditions constitute the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the subject matter contained herein and supersedes any other agreement, proposals and communications, written or oral, between ITMC's representations and you with respect to the subject matter hereof; except that any other terms and conditions located on any individual ITMC web site or in connection with the WEBSITE are incorporated herein by reference to the extent they do not conflict with these Terms and Conditions. To the extent that any other terms and conditions or terms of service conflict with these Terms and Conditions, those other provisions shall control with respect to the use of the particular web site and any information available on or through the web site or the respective content location at which those other provisions may be found.
17. NON-WAIVER AND SEPARABILITY
ITMC's failure to exercise any right or provision of these Terms and Conditions shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision. If a court of competent jurisdiction holds any provision of these Terms and Conditions to be invalid, the parties nevertheless agree that the court should endeavor to give effect to the parties' intentions as reflected in the provision, and agree that the other provisions of these Terms and Conditions remain in full force and effect.
18. NO RESALE, ASSIGNMENT, OR SUBLICENSING
You agree not to resell, assign, sublicense, otherwise transfer, or delegate your rights or obligations under these Terms and Conditions without prior express written authorization of ITMC.
19. SUCCESSORS AND ASSIGNS
Without in any way limiting the prohibition on your resale, assignment, sublicensing, or other transfer of rights or obligations, these Terms and Conditions shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the parties hereto and their respective heirs, successors, and assigns.
20. TERMINATION; SURVIVAL
These Terms and Conditions shall continue in effect for as long as you use the WEBSITE, unless specifically terminated earlier by ITMC. All provisions of these Terms and Conditions which impose obligations continuing in their nature shall survive termination of these Terms and Conditions.
21. COMMUNICATIONS WITH USERS
You consent to receive communications from ITMC concerning your use of the WEBSITE ("Communications"). The Communications may be those that ITMC is required to send to you by law concerning the WEBSITE ("Required Communications"). The Communications may also be those that ITMC sends to you for other reasons. You consent to receive Communications electronically. ITMC may provide these Communications to you by sending an email to the email address you provided or by posting the Communication on the ITMC. You also consent to receive Communications by telephone or by postal mail sent to the postal address you provided in connection with your account, if any. You may change the email or postal address to which ITMC sends Communications by visiting your account information page.
22. SUBMISSIONS OF IDEAS
The ITMC is always improving its WEBSITE and developing new features. If you have ideas regarding improvements or additions to the ITMC, we would like to hear them -- but any submission will be subject to these Terms and Conditions. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHALL ANY DISCLOSURE OF ANY IDEA OR RELATED MATERIALS TO ITMC BE SUBJECT TO ANY OBLIGATION OF CONFIDENTIALITY OR EXPECTATION OF COMPENSATION. BY SUBMITTING THE IDEA AND/OR ANY RELATED MATERIAL TO ITMC, YOU ARE WAIVING ANY AND ALL RIGHTS THAT YOU MAY HAVE IN THE IDEA OR ANY RELATED MATERIALS AND ARE REPRESENTING AND WARRANTING TO ITMC THAT THE IDEA AND/OR RELATED MATERIALS ARE WHOLLY ORIGINAL WITH YOU, THAT NO ONE ELSE HAS ANY RIGHTS IN THE IDEA AND/OR MATERIALS AND THAT ITMC IS FREE TO IMPLEMENT THE IDEA AND TO USE THE MATERIALS IF IT SO DESIRES, AS PROVIDED OR AS MODIFIED BY ITMC, WITHOUT OBTAINING PERMISSION OR LICENSE FROM ANY THIRD PARTY.
23. VIOLATIONS OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
Should you violate these Terms and Conditions or any other rights of ITMC and the ITMC, ITMC reserves the right to pursue any and all legal and equitable remedies against you, including, without limitation, terminating any and all access and or user accounts on any and all of the ITMC web sites.
24. SUBMITTED CONTENT
You hereby agree that all content you submit to ITMC, via web forms, email to the editor, email to employees, phone calls, faces or other form of communication shall become the sole property of ITMC and may be used by ITMC in any way whatsoever, without limitation.
We hope your enjoyment of ITMC' WEBSITE will be enhanced by the application of these Terms and Conditions. It is our belief that your understanding of the guidelines we have set forth will allow the ITMC community to continue to be a place where each of us can prosper, grow, and enjoy ourselves within an open and non-threatening environment. Thank you for taking the time to read these Terms and Conditions and we hope you enjoy our WEBSITE.
ITMC ask for only the least amount of information necessary, gathering only what we believe is essential for doing business, or for the specific transaction at hand. We let customers know the information we have on them and allow them to opt out of specific engagements.
The goal of this policy is to make explicit the information we gather on our customers and users, how we will use it, and how we will not. This policy is unfortunately longer than we would like, but we must unambiguously address all the relevant cases. We will try and keep the language simple and direct as much as possible.
Part I – Information ITMC.com collects and controls
This part deals with how ITMC collects and uses information about website visitors, potential customers, users of ITMC's products and services, and others who contact ITMC through forms or email addresses published on or linked to our websites.
Part II – General
We collect information about you only if we need the information for some legitimate purpose. ITMC will have information about you only if (a) you have provided the information yourself or (b) ITMC has automatically collected the information. Below we describe the various scenarios that fall under each of those three categories and the information collected in each one.
Information that you provide us
Information that we collect automatically
To improve the user experience of our Site, ITMC may use the following "cookies".
|Disqus||To enable comment and discussion features on our website.|
|Vimeo||To enable functionality with video features.|
|Facebook Connect||To enable functionality with social media features.|
|To enable functionality with social media features.|
|Twitter Button||To enable functionality with social media features.|
|SteemIt||To enable functionality with social media|
|Mewe||To enable functionality with social media|
|Gab.ai||To enable functionality with social media|
In addition to the purposes mentioned above, we may use your information for the following purposes:
Opt out of non-essential electronic communications: You may opt out of receiving newsletters and other non-essential messages by using the 'unsubscribe' function included in all such messages. However, you will continue to receive notices and essential transactional emails.
Disable cookies: You can disable browser cookies before visiting our websites. However, if you do so, you may not be able to use certain features of the websites properly.
Optional information: You can always choose not to fill in non-mandatory fields when you submit any form linked to our websites.
Third-party service providers: We may need to share your personal information and aggregated or de-identified information with third-party service providers that we engage, such as marketing and advertising partners, event organizers, web analytics providers and payment processors. These service providers are authorized to use your personal information only as necessary to provide these services to us.
If you are in the European Economic Area (EEA), you have the following rights with respect to information that ITMC holds about you. ITMC undertakes to provide you the same rights no matter where you choose to live.
Right to access: You have the right to access (and obtain a copy of, if required) the categories of personal information that we hold about you, including the information's source, purpose and period of processing, and the persons to whom the information is shared
Right to rectification: You have the right to update the information we hold about you or to rectify any inaccuracies. Based on the purpose for which we use your information, you can instruct us to add supplemental information about you in our database.
Right to erasure: You have the right to request that we delete your personal information in certain circumstances, such as when it is no longer necessary for the purpose for which it was originally collected.
Right to restriction of processing: You may also have the right to request to restrict the use of your information in certain circumstances, such as when you have objected to our use of your data but we need to verify whether we have overriding legitimate grounds to use it.
Right to data portability: You have the right to transfer your information to a third party in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format, in circumstances where the information is processed with your consent or by automated means.
Right to object: You have the right to object to the use of your information in certain circumstances, such as the use of your personal information for direct marketing.
Right to complain: You have the right to complain to the appropriate supervisory authority if you have any grievance against the way we collect, use or share your information. This right may not be available to you if there is no supervisory authority dealing with data protection in your country.
Our products and services are not directed to individuals under 13. ITMC does not knowingly collect personal information from children who are under 13 years of age. If we become aware that a child under 13 has provided us with personal information, we will take steps to delete such information. If you believe that a child under 13 years has provided personal information to us, please write to email@example.com with the details, and we will take the necessary steps to delete the information we hold about that child.
At ITMC, we take data security very seriously. We have taken steps to implement appropriate administrative, technical & physical safeguards to prevent unauthorized access, use, modification, disclosure or destruction of the information you entrust to us. If you have any concerns regarding the security of your data, we encourage you to write to us at reply@ITMC.com with any questions.
By accessing or using our products and services or otherwise providing personal information or service data to us, you consent to the processing, transfer, and storage of your personal information or Service Data within the United States of America, the European Economic Area (EEA) and other countries where ITMC operates. Such transfer is subject to a group company agreement that is based on EU Commission's Model Contractual Clauses.
We offer publicly accessible blogs and forums on our websites. Please be aware that any information you provide on these blogs and forums may be used to contact you with unsolicited messages. We urge you to be cautious in disclosing personal information in our blogs and forums. ITMC is not responsible for the personal information you elect to disclose publicly. Your posts and certain profile information may remain even after you terminate your account with ITMC. To request the removal of your information from our blogs and forums, you can contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Our websites include social media widgets such as Twitter "tweet" buttons that let you share articles and other information. These widgets may collect information such as your IP address and the pages you navigate in the website, and may set a cookie to enable the widgets to function properly. Your interactions with these widgets are governed by the privacy policies of the companies providing them.
We may be required by law to preserve or disclose your personal information and service data to comply with any applicable law, regulation, legal process or governmental request, including to meet national security requirements.
We may disclose personal information and service data to a third party if we believe that such disclosure is necessary for preventing fraud, investigating any suspected illegal activity, enforcing our agreements or policies, or protecting the safety of our users.
You may also contact us at: